A laser diode chip, also known as a laser diode die or simply a laser chip, is a semiconductor device that converts electrical energy into light. Laser diode chips are used in a wide range of applications, including telecommunications, data storage, printing, and materials processing.
The basic structure of a laser diode chip consists of a p-type and an n-type semiconductor layer that are separated by an active region, where the light is generated. When a voltage is applied across the p-n junction, the electrons and holes recombine in the active region, releasing energy in the form of photons. The photons are reflected back and forth between two mirrors that are placed on either end of the chip, resulting in the amplification of light and the generation of a coherent beam.
Laser diode chips are typically very small, with dimensions on the order of a few hundred microns. They are also very efficient, with conversion efficiencies ranging from 20% to 60%. However, they are also very sensitive to temperature and current fluctuations, which can cause them to degrade over time. Therefore, they are often integrated into larger modules that provide temperature control and current regulation.
Laser diode chips just like LED chips directly convert electrical energy into light of different wavelength depending on the selection of semiconductor material. LD chips have a wide variety of types such as Fabri- Perot, Distributed Feedback, Distributed Bragg Reflector, Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers etc. The applications are very wide from medical, inductrial and telecom to home appliance use.